Everything you need to know about the 2018 midterm elections

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Election Day is less than two weeks away, but many Americans are already voting in what could be very eventful midterm elections.

There are 20 states where voters are able to cast their ballots ahead of time, contributing to a changing of the guard in many gubernatorial, Senate and House races.

Here are answers to some of the most burning electoral questions.

Who will have control of the House and Senate?

Going into the midterms, the Republicans have control of both houses of Congress.

Democrats are hoping that through a few critical elections they’re able to shift the balance of power in one or both houses.

In the House of Representatives, all 435 seats are up for election. In order to take control of the House, Democrats need a net gain of at least 23 seats.

That said, there are several House seats currently held by Democrats that Republicans have been eyeing, including in Missouri, North Dakota and Florida.

In the Senate, 35 seats are up for grabs. Democrats would need a net gain of two seats to take control. Several currently held by Republicans will see tight races, including in Arizona, Nevada, Tennessee, Texas, and Mississippi.

What generally happens to the president’s party in midterms?

Midterm elections are to some extent always seen as a referendum on the current administration and party in power.

This year is no different.

Because Republicans control of both the executive branch, led by Donald Trump, and the legislative branch, holding both the Senate and the House, many voters see the midterms as a chance to either show their support for or disapproval of Trump and his administration’s agenda.

That was the case during President Barack Obama’s presidency when Republicans made massive gains in both the 2010 and 2014 midterm elections.

A similar trend was seen in the second midterm election during President George W. Bush’s administration, as Democrats picked up seats in 2006. This followed the trend’s having been bucked in 2002 when Republicans actually gained seats.

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